Illinois was the last of the 50 states to pass a law to allow the concealed carry of firearms with a permit or by any other method. Chicago and many of the suburbs have had their own legal restrictions around the possession and carry of handguns also. Here are some of the relevant dates in the timeline.
1949: Illinois enacted it’s original ban on handgun carry.
1962: Illinois revised it’s ban on handgun carry.
1968: Parallel to the federal Gun Control Act of 1968, Illinois effects a law that requires residents obtain a F.O.I.D. card (Firearm Owners Identification) to legally possess or purchase firearms or ammunition. This law is still in effect today.
April 1982: Chicago requires the registration of all firearms but did not allow handguns to be registered, which had the effect of outlawing their possession. During this decade many other Chicago suburbs enacted outright prohibitions on handgun possession.
June 26, 2008: The US Supreme Court struck down D.C.’s handgun ban in the case of District of Columbia V. Heller. In the months following this decision handgun bans were repealed in the suburbs of Wilmette, Morton Grove, Evanston, and Winnetka.
June 28, 2010: In the case of McDonald V. Chicago, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the handgun bans of Chicago and Oak Park to be unconstitutional
July 12, 2010: A new Chicago city ordinance took effect that allowed the possession of handguns with certain restrictions. Residents were required to obtain a Chicago Firearms Permit. To get the permit they were required to complete a firearms training course, pass a background check including fingerprinting, and pay a $100 permit fee. Chicago’s gun registration requirement was still in effect. Possession of firearms was permitted only inside a dwelling, not in a garage or on the outside grounds of the property. Only one gun at a time was allowed to be kept in a usable state.
July 19, 2010: Oak Park amended its town ordinance to allow handgun possession in one’s home, leaving no remaining town in Illinois that completely banned handguns.
December 11, 2012: A three judge panel of the US Seventh Circuit of Appeals in the case of Moore V. Madigan, ruled that Illinois’ concealed carry ban was unconstitutional. The court gave the state 180 days to change its laws. Subsequently the court granted a 30-day extension of that deadline.
July 9th 2013: Illinois enacted the Firearm Concealed Carry Act, which established a system by which citizens of the state could qualify to apply for and receive concealed carry permits.
September 11, 2013: The Chicago City Council repealed the law requiring the registration of firearms and the law requiring a city issued firearm owners permit. They also changed the law to allow the carrying of firearms on the grounds of one’s property outside as well as inside the home
September 12, 2013: The Illinois Supreme Court, in the case of People v. Aguilar, also ruled that the staet’s Aggravated Unlawful Use of Weapon law, which had completely prohibited any concealed carry of a handgun, was equally unconstitutional.
January 5th, 2014: The Illinois state police began accepting applications for permits to carry concealed handguns.
February 28th, 2014: The state police announced they had begun issuing concealed carry permits to applicants.